MONKEY TEMPLE, KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE
- Trip Grade: Easy
The history of Kathmandu valley begins with the Swoyambhunath temple. The entire Kathmandu was supposed to be a Lake and later Manjushri cut a gorge from Chovar to drain the water out and made it possible for human settlement. The word ‘Swoyambhu’ means “the self-existent” in English. The Stupa offers a great opportunity to study the religious harmony in Nepal. Tibetan monks, Bhramin priests and the Newar nuns are the major worshippers in the temple. Most of the monasteries have prayer wheels ‘the Buddha’s wheels of life’ and has to be circled in clock-wise direction. This temple is also called ‘Monkey Temple’ by foreign
Kathmandu Durbar Square:
This is a Square of history and arts. From artistic monuments to erotic wood carvings can be seen on the Temples here. The area consists of the house of the living goddess – Kumari. The Kasthamandap temple is believed to have been built from the wood of a single tree and it is also said that the Kathmandu valley is named after the temple. The palaces and temples were built between 12th and 18th centuries by the Malla and Shah Kings of Kathmandu. The Kathmandu Durbar Square is also protected as UNESCO World Heritage Site and is serving as the focal point of socio-religious city.
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